Minimally Invasive Laser Robotics assisted Diagnosis and Surgery
The MILoRDS project aims at developing new surgical tools for laser assisted surgery. The goal is to create a modular system to perform diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical procedures, which will overcome the current limitations related to the manual gesture. MILoRDS focuses on ophthalmology (corneal lesions and transplants, and intraocular surgery), dermatology (skin ulcers) and urology (benign prostatic hyperplasia). The project aims at creating new robotic tools to improve safety, efficiency, and quality of surgical procedures augmenting surgeon's dexterity, manipulation skills and efficiency through advanced surgeon-robot interfaces, sensors and actuators.
The Surgical Robotics group objective, within the MILoRDS project, is to develop novel precision micromanipulators for laser assisted surgery. As regards ophthalmology, a robotic micromanipulator for precise approximation of the cornea, provided with dynamic control of the pressure exerted, will be developed in order to guarantee the optimal focal distance between the laser and the patient's eye and stop involuntary movements caused by breathing, heartbeat, etc., during corneal transplants procedures.
As regards urology, a novel end effector with a three-directional force sensor will be developed and integrated with the laser in order to have an optimal ablation of the prostatic tissue.
El.En. S.p.A.- Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara” (IFAC-CNR) - ARS S.r.L - Centro di Eccellenza EndoCAS dell’Univerisità di Pisa , Dipartimento di Oncologia, Trapianti e Nuove Tecnologie in Medicina - Menci Software S.r.L - Nuova Meccanica S.r.L - Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, The BioRobotics Institute